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                高考英语近义词:fit,suit,match都表示“适合”,区别在哪里?

                时间:2018-11-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:
                欢迎订阅高中英语精品专栏,内容包括英语三大题型专练+视频精讲,备战高考,高中必备。

                 

                英语中存在很多意义相近的单词或短语,而它们也给精准用词带来了障碍。我们可以通过辨析来正确理解它们的异同,体会它们之间的细微差别,从而达到能够正确运用的目的。

                从今天开始,小编就带大家一起,结合历年高考真题来辨析高考英语中的高频近义词,看看它们有什么不同。

                今天我们来学习——三个“适合”一个“比较”: fit, suit, match, compare

                (↑↑↑点击收听音频详解)

                fit (侧重于形状)

                牛津词典:

                1. [V] to be the right shape and size for sb/sth (形状和尺寸)适合,合身

                2. [V] to agree with, match or be suitable for sth; to make sth do this (使)与…一致,和…相称,符合

                直击高考:

                60. Embryonic learning helps mother birds to identify the baby birds which_______. (2017江苏卷阅读理解B篇)

                A. can receive quality signals

                B. are in need of training

                C. fit the environment better

                D. make the loudest call

                胚胎学习有助于母鸟识别更适应环境的幼鸟。

                suit (侧重于口味)

                牛津词典:[V] to be convenient or useful for sb 对(某人)方便;满足(某人)需要;合(某人)心意

                直击高考:

                1. Buxton is justifiably proud of its cultural life and you'll find much to suit all tastes with art, music, opera and the performing arts at Buxton Opera House & Pavilion Arts Centre and Green Man Gallery. (2019江苏卷阅读理解A篇)

                巴克斯顿有理由为其文化生活感到自豪,你会发现很多东西适合巴克斯顿歌剧院和亭子艺术中心和绿人画廊的艺术,例如音乐,歌剧和表演艺术。

                1. Some experts are skeptical about 3D food printers, believing they are better suited for fast food restaurants than homes and high-end restaurants. (2018天津卷阅读理解C篇)

                一些专家对3D食品打印机持怀疑态度,认为它们比家庭和高端餐厅更适合快餐店。

                match

                牛津词典:

                [V] if two things match, or if one thing matches another, they have the same colour, pattern, or style and therefore look attractive together 般配;相配

                直击高考:

                1. The curves (曲线) of the buildings perfectly match the rise and fall of hills, forming a unique view. (2018全国卷Ⅲ阅读理解C篇)

                建筑的曲线与山丘的起伏完美匹配,形成独特的景观。

                2. There is a separate bedroom, a modern kitchen with a refrigerator. The trailer even has matching carpet and curtains. (2018全国卷Ⅰ七选五)

                独立卧室,带冰箱的现代化厨房, 拖车甚至有匹配的地毯和窗帘。

                compare

                牛津词典:

                1. [V] ~ A and B~ A with/to Bto examine people or things to see how they are similar and how they are different 比较;对比

                2. [V] ~ A to Bto show or state that sb/sth is similar to sb/sth else 表明……与……相似;将……比作……

                直击高考:

                1. The first unique human characteristic is that humans have extraordinarily large brains compared with other animals. (2019江苏卷任务型阅读)

                第一个独特的人类特征是人类与其他动物相比具有非常大的大脑。

                2. A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks, ranking them by similarity.(2017江苏卷阅读理解B篇)

                计算机分析盲目地比较母亲和小鸡产生的呼叫,按相似性对它们进行排序。

                 

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