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                假期刷完这20套高中英语语法填空题,高分无忧,高中生都值得

                时间:2018-09-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:

                语法填空题考查考生在阅读理解基础上的语法运用能力。只要有扎实的英语基础知识并辅之以相应的解题技巧,考生就能拿到高分。

                一、历年考点

                高考语法填空题考查过的考点有:时态和语态、非谓语动词、助动词、形容词、副词、名词、冠词、代词、介词、连词、连接词、关系词、祈使句。

                这些考点共涉及到《英语课程标准》中的19个语法项目,暂时在高考中没有考到的语法项目有:数词、省略、倒装、强调、虚拟语气。另外,动词中的情态动词以及除一般现在时、一般过去时和现在完成时外的时态目前均没有在高考中考查过。

                二、解题技巧

                1. 无提示词

                这种形式考查的内容主要是冠词、介词、助动词、连词、关系词和固定结构等。因为没有提示词,所以考生需要根据一些固定结构、短文大意、上下文的逻辑关系及对一些长难句结构的分析来确定所填内容。

                (1)考查冠词:主要考查冠词的基本用法及短语中的冠词。如:

                The nursery team switches him every few days with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, ________ other is with mum — she never suspects.

                (2016全国卷I)

                解析:短语one ... the other ...意为“一个……另一个……”,符合题意,故填the。

                (2)考查介词:主要考查介词的基本用法及短语中的介词。如:

                Drinking my iced coffee I ran my fingers along the streets ________ the hotel to the opera hall.

                (浙江2016)

                解析:此处意为“从……到……”,故填from。

                (3)考查助动词:需要找出所缺成分并考虑时态。如:

                Then the driver stood up and asked, "________ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?"

                (2014新课标全国卷II)

                解析:由asked和问号可知引号中内容是个疑问句,同时分析句子结构可知设空处需填助动词,再由句中的last stop可知句中的谓语应用一般过去时,故填Did。

                (4)考查连词:包括并列连词和从属连词。如:

                I made my way backstage just ________ the great magician was putting on his top hat.

                (浙江2016)

                解析:设空处引导状语从句,且此处意为“正当……时”,故填as / when。

                (5)考查连接词:包括连接代词和连接副词。如:

                It's amazing ________ often people say "If I can help just one ...".

                解析:设空处引导主语从句,且修饰often,故填how。

                (6)考查关系词:关键在于分析句子结构并找出先行词。如:

                ... the ring ... was spread over the garden, ________ it remained until the carrot's leafy top accidentally sprouted (生长) through it.

                (浙江2017)

                解析:设空处引导非限制性定语从句修饰先行词garden,且在从句中作地点状语,故填where。

                (7)考查固定结构:包括固定短语和句型。如:

                Pahlsson screamed ________ loudly that her daughter came running from the house. (浙江2017)

                解析:分析句子结构可知,此处考查so ... that ... 句型,意为“如此……以致于……”。so修饰副词loudly。

                2. 有提示词

                这种考查形式主要考查词性转换、名词单复数变化、形容词或副词的比较级与最高级变化、动词的时态和语态(含主谓一致)以及动词的非谓语形式。这类题同样需先判断设空处在句中的功能,其次再确定该用什么形式。

                (1)提示词是动词

                动词的变化是语法填空题考查的重点之一。提示词为动词时可能考查谓语动词、非谓语动词或名词等。

                a. 考查谓语动词时需考虑时态、语态、主谓一致等。如:

                Steam engines ________ (use) to pull the carriages and it must have been ...

                (2017全国卷II)

                解析:此处描述的是1863年伦敦地铁的情况,主语Steam engines是复数,且是谓语动词use所表示动作的承受者,故填were used。

                b. 考查非谓语动词时需考虑用动词-ing形式、过去分词还是不定式,同时还要考虑非谓语动词的时态和语态。如:

                【例1】My ambassadorial duties will include ________ (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research centre ...

                (2016全国卷I)

                解析:设空处作宾语,且表示多次重复发生的动作,故填introducing。

                【例2】Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal ________ (create) special designs.

                (2016全国卷III)

                解析:workers与create之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,且此处表目的,故填to create。

                c. 考查名词时需注意名词的数。如:

                Magically, that show remains the Great Jason's best ________ (perform) to this day.

                (浙江2016)

                解析:由the Great Jason's best可知设空处应填名词且意为“表演”,再根据that show remains可知应用单数形式,故填performance。

                (2)提示词是形容词

                此时可能考查提示词的反义词、副词、比较等级或名词等。

                a. 考查提示词的反义词时需根据文章逻辑判断。如:

                A person's weight is private, and making comments about it is definitely considered ________ (polite).

                解析:由private(私密的)可知,评论别人的体重被认为是不礼貌的,故填impolite。

                b. 考查副词时,设空处修饰动词、形容词或整个句子。如:

                The title will be ________ (official) given to me at a ceremony in London.

                (2016全国卷I)

                解析:设空处修饰谓语动词,故填副词officially。

                c. 考查比较等级时,应考虑用比较级还是最高级。如:

                If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别) those of ________ (great) and less importance.

                (2016全国卷II)

                解析:and连接并列成分,由and后的less可知应填great的比较级greater。此处意为“识别较重要的和不太重要的”。

                d. 考查名词时,需注意名词的数。如:

                In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their ________ (able) to "air condition" a house without using electric equipment.

                (2015全国卷II)

                解析:设空处意为“能力”,即不用电器就能调节室温的这一种能力,故填ability。

                (3)提示词是副词

                此时可能考查比较等级或其反义形式。如:

                【例1】We've been describing New Zealand as a rock star in the sense that it has been doing ________ (well) than almost all of the other developed world economies over the past couple of years.

                解析:由than可知此处需填比较级,且此处意为“做得更好”,故填well的比较级better。

                【例2】He was well hidden, but at last he was ________ (luckily) found.

                解析:由well hidden和but可知,此处意为“不幸地被发现了”,故填unluckily。

                (4)提示词是名词

                此时可能考查名词的数或形容词。如:

                a. 名词的数通常需要根据主语、谓语、定语等来判断。如:

                【例1】This trend ... has had some unintended side ________ (effect) such as overweight and heart disease — the very thing the medical community was trying to fight.

                (2017全国卷I)

                解析:由some及overweight and heart disease可知,“这个趋势有一些没有预料到的负作用”,故填effect的复数形式effects。

                【例2】It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible ________ (crowd) on the roads above ...

                (2017全国卷II)

                解析:由形容词terrible和括号中的crowd可知,此处应填名词,意为“人群”;作此义项讲时crowd是可数名词,再结合句意可知应填其复数形式crowds。

                b. 形容词通常作定语或表语。如:

                As ________ (nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly ...

                (2015全国卷II)

                解析:设空处作定语修饰名词architects,故填natural(天生的)。

                免费获取语法填空20套模拟题(PDF,可打印),请关注头条号【英语周报】,私信发送【高中英语】

                高考英语语法填空20套模拟题(部分)

                My favourite season is winter. You're probably thinking I'm slightly mad — after all, who doesn't love summer? Winter, in 1. ________ (it) own way, is wonderful. For anyone who still needs to be convinced, let me explain 2. ________ I love winter.

                During November, Christmas markets appear in 3. ________ number of towns and cities across the UK. London's Hyde Park becomes a huge winter wonderland, 4. ________ there are countless small shops selling food and gifts. Christmas markets have something for everyone. And this provides great entertainment!

                The weather gets noticeably colder: the mornings are often frosty and the nights close to freezing. I like the cold weather — for me, there's something nice about wearing a thick winter coat with a scarf and 5. ________ (glove).

                Along with countless school children across the UK, I get very 6. ________ (excite) about the thought of snow. A few years ago there was a lot of snow and many schools had the day off. Snowball fights are great fun and many families enjoy 7. ________ (build) snowmen together. I love a white Christmas; 8. ________ (unfortunate) this doesn't happen often in the UK.

                Throughout December, many churches and schools hold carol concerts: lots of 9. ________ (tradition) songs are sung. Christmas dinner is my favourite meal of the year. In my house, Christmas dinner usually 10. ________ (include) turkey, potatoes and lots of vegetables, followed by Christmas cake, pies and lots of chocolate!

                1. ________ (think) about my time in France, I noticed quite a few differences between the French and the English.

                In French, there are two ways 2. ________ (say) "you": "tu" is the informal form, while “vous” is the formal form. When I learnt French, I 3. ________ (teach) to call everyone vous unless they were my family or a friend. So I was surprised that 4. ________ (actual) everyone in France used tu all the time. But I continued to use vous because I didn't want people to think I was being 5. ________ (polite). To be honest, I'm thankful that in English we don't have to worry about these things!

                School children in the UK traditionally wear a school uniform but in France pupils do not wear a uniform. It was a culture shock 6. ________ me to see children wearing Spiderman T-shirts and baggy blue jeans while in the classroom. The final difference which struck me was the 7. ________ (relax) attitude at school. Teachers were never in 8. ________ rush, and the children and teachers are given long breaks and lots of time to eat 9. ________ (they) lunch. This is a contrast to the UK, 10. ________ the school day might seem to be filled with pressure. I found the differences puzzling at times, but I cannot deny what a great opportunity it was to live in another country.

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