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                “给你”不要直接用“give you”!地道表达学起来

                时间:2018-09-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:

                 

                 

                当想用英语表达“给你”的时候,相信很多同学会脱口而出“give you”,其实这是典型的中式英语。

                英语中,give you后面一般都要加上一个具体的东西,一般是不会单独使用的。

                比如:

                I can give you some apples.

                我可以给你一些苹果。

                “给你”地道的说法其实我们小学都已经学过,应该是

                “Here you are”或“Here you go”。

                例如:

                Can I eat now?

                我现在能吃吗?

                Here you are.

                给你。

                Here you go,ma'am. This is your boarding pass.

                给您,太太。这是您的登机牌。

                在跟老外交流的时候,我们讲的很多英语其实并不地道,在浙大当了5年英语外教的亚兰森(Chuck Allanson)曾经在网络上发表了一篇中式英语与正宗英语表达的博文,有很多值得我们参考的地方。

                01你是做什么工作的呢?

                Chinglish: What's your job?

                English: Are you working at the moment?

                What's your job这种说法会稍显生硬唐突。如果谈话对象刚刚失业,这样直接的问法会让对方有失面子,大家可以这样问:目前你是在上班吗,Are you working at the moment,接下来可以问:目前在哪儿工作呢,

                Where are you working these days,或者从事哪个行业呢,What line of work are you in,顺带说一下,回答这类问题时不妨说得具体一点,不要只是说经理或者秘书。

                02我很喜欢它。

                Chinglish: I very like it.

                English: I like it very much.

                这个很典型,就不多做解释了。

                03价格挺合适/挺好的。

                Chinglish: The price is very suitable.

                English: The price is right/reasonable.

                suitable(合适的、相配的)最常见的用法是以否定的形式出现在告示或通知中。

                This movie is not suitable for children.

                这部影片儿童不宜。

                04用英语怎么说?

                Chinglish: How to say in English?

                English: How do you say this in English?

                How to say 不是一个完整的句子,而是一个分句。

                同类的句子还有:

                How do you spell that please?

                请问这个单词怎么拼?

                How do you pronounce this word?

                请问这个单词怎么读?

                05明天我有事情要做。

                Chinglish: I have something to do tomorrow.

                English: Sorry but I am tied up all day tomorrow.

                用 I have something to do来表示自己脱不开身,这也是中国式的说法。因为每时每刻我们都有事情要做,躺在那里睡大觉也是事情。

                大家要表示自己忙,脱不开身,可以这样说:I'm tied up.

                或者:I'm afraid I can't make it at that time. I'd love to, but I can't,I have to stay at home.

                06我的英语很糟糕。

                Chinglish: My English is poor.

                English: I am not 100% fluent, but at least I am improving.

                有人开玩笑说,全中国人最擅长的一句英文是:My English is poor.

                要说自己外语不好,外国人一般不用poor这么重的词,而是会说:

                I am still having a few problems, but I am getting better.

                简单的说法则有:

                My English is not so good. 我的英文不太好。

                My English is pretty limited. 我的英文水平非常有限。

                07我没有经验。

                Chinglish:I have no experience.

                English:I am afraid I don't know much about that.

                I have no experience这句话听起来也会怪怪的,大家只需要说:那方面我懂得不多。

                或者:

                I am not really an expert in this area.

                这方面我不在行。

                08他的身体很健康。

                Chinglish: His body is healthy.

                English:He is in good health.

                English: He's healthy.

                09价钱很昂贵/便宜。

                Chinglish: The price is too expensive/cheap.

                English: The price is too high/ rather low.

                10祝你有美好的一天!

                Chinglish: I wish you have a nice/good day.

                English: Enjoy your day! / Have a wonderful day! / Have a good one! /Have a nice/good day!

                I wish you have a nice/good day. 是纯粹的中式英语。在英语里,wish 后面只需加名词,即:I wish you a nice/good day.

                不过,这个句式很古板,一般用于圣诞贺卡或节日歌词,

                如:I wish you a Merry Christmas.

                日常只说:Enjoy your day! Have a wonderful day!

                Have a nice/good day! 是美国店员向顾客标准的道别语。

                流行的美式道别语(也用作回应)则是:Have a good one!

                11 你觉得这个计划如何?

                Chinglish: How do you feel about the plan?

                English: How do you like the plan?

                一般要问别人对某人或某事物的看法或意见时应该用 How do you like …? 或 What do you think of / about …? 这两个句式才对。当使用 think (of / about…) 这个动词时,疑问词要用 what 而不能用 how。例如:What do you think about the plan?

                12 我把午餐忘在家里了。

                Chinglish: I've forgotten my lunch at home.

                English: I've left my lunch at home.

                forgotten中文是遗忘,但把东西落在某处,应该用 leave。

                或者只说:

                I forgot to bring my lunch.

                我忘带午餐了。

                就可以啦!

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