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                一定要背一下的英语结构短语,总结得太好了

                时间:2018-08-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:

                英语怎么学?把这些每天背一点,再试着造几个句子。套路学会了,作文和语法解决了一半哦。一天一点点的积累,收获大大的进步。

                1. to do 结构题

                ask sb. to do sth. 请(叫)某人做某事

                tell sb. to do sth. 请(叫)某人做某事

                help sb. (to) do sth. 协助做某事

                want sb. to do sth. 想要做某事

                wish sb. to do sth. 希望做某事

                invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事

                drive sb. to do sth. 驱使某人做某事

                expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事

                forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事

                force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

                hope to do sth. 希望做某事

                offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事

                plan to do sth. 方案做某事

                prepare to do sth. 预备做某事

                pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事

                promise to do sth. 容许做某事

                refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事

                fail to do sth. 未能做某事

                happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

                need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

                need doing = need to be done. 某事需要被做

                advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

                advise doing sth. 建议做某事

                allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

                allow doing sth. 允许某人做某事

                2. -ing 结构

                consider doing sth. 思索做某事

                enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

                escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事

                finish doing sth. 完成做某事

                give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

                imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

                mind doing sth. 介意做某事

                practice doing sth. 练习做某事

                prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事

                put off doing sth. 推延做某事

                risk doing sth. 冒险做某事

                forbid doing sth. 制止做某事

                forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事

                3. 既 +to 又 +ing

                remember to do sth. 记住去做某事,表示这件事情还没有做

                remember doing sth. 记得做过某事

                forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)

                forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事。 (已做)

                regret to do sth. 遗憾地(要)做某事 (还未做呢)

                regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事(已经做过了)

                try to do sth. 努力做谋事,尽力做某事,但不一定成功

                try doing sth. 试图做谋事

                stop to do 表示停止现在在做的事情,开始做另外一件事情

                stop doing 表示停止现在在做的事情

                mean to do sth. 计划做某事

                mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

                can't help to do sth. 不能协助做某

                can't help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

                go on to do sth. 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事

                go on doing sth. 继续做原来做的事

                4. do 动词原形

                let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

                make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

                make sth. done 使某事完成

                have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

                have sth done 做完某事

                see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

                see sb. doing 看人某人正在做

                hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事

                hear sb. doing 听见某人正在做

                listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事

                listen sb. doing sth 听着某人正在做

                look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事

                watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事

                feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事

                5. 双宾语

                give sb. sth = give sth to sb. 给某人某物

                tell sb. sth = tell sth to sb. 告诉某人某事

                borrow sth from sb. 向某人借某物

                lend sth to sb. 借某物给某人

                buy sth for sb. =buy sb. sth 给某人买某物

                show sb. sth=show sth to sb. 向某人展示某物

                6. be 动词结构

                be at home = stay at home 在家

                be in trouble 有麻烦

                be careful of 小心……

                be late for 因……迟到

                be free 空闲的,有空

                be busy doing/with sth 忙于……

                be covered with 被……复盖

                be ready for 为……作好准备

                be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶

                be interested in 对……感到举

                be excited about 激动于

                be angry with 愤怒于

                be mad at 疯狂于

                be friendly to 友好地去

                be pleased with 很高兴做

                be satisfied with 对……很满意

                be famous for 因……而著名

                be famous as 作为……而著名

                be strict with 对……严格

                be strict in 在……方面严格

                be afraid of 害怕……

                be afraid to do 害怕去做……

                be glad to do 很高兴去做……

                be good for 对……有好处

                be bad for 对……有害处

                be good at = do well in 擅长

                be able to do 能去做……

                7. 固定搭配

                have a lesson /a meeting 上课/开会

                have a try 试一试

                have a good time 玩得很高兴

                have fun 玩得高兴

                have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

                have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭

                have a fever 发烧

                have a cold 感冒

                have a look (at) 看一看……

                have a rest 休息一会儿

                have a talk 谈话

                have a walk =take a walk 散步

                make friends (with) 与……交朋友

                make a living 谋生

                make a mistake 犯错误

                make a sentence 造句

                be made from/of 由……制成

                be made in 在……地方制造

                look after =take care of 照管,照看,

                look for 寻找

                look like 看上去像

                look out 当心,小心

                look around 朝四周看

                look at 看着……

                put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子)

                put up 张帖

                set up 竖起,建起

                set off 出发,动身

                set out 出发

                send for 派人去请

                take one's advice 听从某人劝告

                take out 拿出,取出

                take down 拿下

                take place 发生

                take the place of 代替

                take it easy 别紧张

                take away 拿走

                take off 脱下,起飞,休假

                day off / have off 休假

                take photos 拍照

                take some medicine 服药

                turn on 开,旋开(电灯,收音机等)

                turn off 关上(电灯,收音机等)

                turn down (把音量)调低

                turn up 调高

                turn in 交出,上交

                turn…into… 变成

                turn…over 把……翻过来

                at once 立刻

                at last 最后

                at first 起先,首先

                at the age of… 在……岁时

                at the end of… 在……之末

                by the end of… 到……底为止

                at the beginning of… 在……之初

                at night/noon 在夜里/中午

                in the day 在白天

                in all 总共

                in fact 事实上

                in one's twenties 在某人二十几岁时

                in a hurry 匆忙

                in time 及时

                in public 公众,公开地

                in order to 为了……

                in front of 在……前面

                in the front of 在某物内的前面

                in the end 最后,终于

                in turn 依次

                of course 当然

                from now on 从现在起

                from then on 从那时起

                for example 例如

                far away from 远离

                a piece of 一张(一片,块)

                a cup of 一茶怀

                a glass of 一玻璃杯

                a box of 一盒

                a bottle of 一瓶

                a set of 一套

                a group of 一队,一组,一群

                a kind of 一种

                all kinds of 所有种类

                a type of 一种类型的

                a different type of 一种不同型号的

                a great deal of 非常多,大量的(不可数名词)

                a large (great) number of 非常多,大量的(可数名词)

                a great many 大量,许多(可数名词)

                all over the world/the country 全世界/全国

                day after day 日复一日

                day by day 一天天

                up and down 上上下下

                the day after tomorrow 后天

                the day before yesterday 前天

                8. 其他固定搭配

                laugh at 嘲笑

                be used to doing习惯于

                used to 过去常常

                use sth to do sth 用某物做某事

                wake…up 唤醒

                work out 算出

                hurry up 赶快,快点

                think about 考虑……

                think of 想到

                be anxious about 担忧

                throw away 扔掉

                hear of 听说

                hear from 收到……来信

                instead of 代替……

                with one's help 在某人的帮助下,由于

                with the help of … 在……的帮助下

                to one's surprise 令某人吃惊的是

                up and down 上上下下

                just now/then 刚才/那时

                late on 过后,后来

                work / study hard 努力工作

                come out 解出

                wait for 等待

                do morning exercises 做早操

                do eye exercises 做眼保健操

                get on/along (well) with 与……相处(融洽)

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